After the title, type the phrase “Doctoral dissertation” in parentheses, then add a period. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Include the full title of the dissertation.

Cite a Dissertation in APA, Chicago, Harvard, or MLA style – Cite This For Me

Either a person, group, or organization that contributed to a piece of work. And books and journals are just the tip of the reference iceberg.

Type the full title of the dissertation. This generally means you’re only going to capitalize the first word.

3 Ways to Cite a Dissertation in APA – wikiHow

Use an ampersand before the last name listed in parenthetical citations. Always check for grammar error before handing over your paper.

If the citation takes citing a dissertation in apa style than one line, use the hanging indent style after the first line. It does, however, offer an approach for the construction of new sorts of references beyond the various types it catalogues. Retrieved from Stype Dissertations and Theses.

To indicate that this is your invention, not a formal title, dissertatioon coined title should be enclosed in square brackets Publication Manualp. On the rare occasion when no authorship is attributed and, per APA style, you revert to a title entry e. Provide the author of the dissertation. If no title exists, you must fill in the blank yourself.


This includes, but is not limited to, an editor, writer, performer, interviewer, and director. The city, state, or country of the publisher. citjng

How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in APA

Can be added to the end of a citation. This includes suffixes like Jr.

As said above, that journal name will be used later on. I ain’t fattening frogs for snakes: Who created this reference? If the item you are referencing does not have a formal title, APA style requires you to provide something to fill out this part of the reference.

Guide: How to cite a Dissertation in APA style

Start the in-text citation with the last name of the author. While dissertations typically only have one author, if there’s more than one, you should list them in the order they appear on the title page. Do not put a period after the accession number.

The author component is pretty straightforward: Once you’ve completed your citation, proofread the entry carefully to make sure the information is correct and you’ve used the proper formatting.


If a dissertation is unpublished, it stands to reason you won’t have a year of publication. The title of the dissertation should be in italics. If stlye dissertation citing a dissertation in apa style done for a degree-granting institution in the United States or Canada, it typically is published on ProQuest. Use an ampersand before the ln name.

But you still need to answer the “when” question. A few reference types require more: